The chance of decent rainfall before the grass becomes dormant over summer has all but passed on the Rock Farm. Dry westerly winds have persistently blowed over the past fortnight, removing any residual moisture from the ground. These same winds have fanned bush-fires that are causing so much devastation in the north of NSW. As I write, over one million hectares of NSW has been burnt – and we aren’t even half way through November yet. These fires are unprecedented in their intensity this early in the bush fire season. But they were not un-predicted. The biggest question is can we shape our environment to protect us from future fire events like this.
We are starting to understand that the Australian landscape has been carefully managed for tens of thousands of years by the Aboriginal people. Small low intensity ‘cool’ fires created a woodland landscape that was recorded in journals and art of the early European explorers. These woodlands prevented the large scale devastation wreaked by huge fire storms. There is plenty of evidence to suggest that our bushland National Parks have more trees now than at any time since human habitation of Australia, some 30000 years or more ago.
Our aim is to create a woodland like setting on the Rock Farm, working with trees that are already established here, and planting new trees. We want to create a sustainable agricultural enterprise that creates an income and a food source whilst improving the health of the soil. This doesn’t mean returning the landscape to native bush-land, or what it looked like before European settlement, but something we can use towards the future.
Our plan on the Rock Farm, as most of you know, begins with trees.
With 1.3% of the state not in drought or drought affected (https://edis.dpi.nsw.gov.au/), it is a hard time to get trees established. Our ground has very little subsoil moisture and our stock are getting hungry. We had a few oak seedlings (quercus lobata and dentata) still in pots, we knew we had to get them in the ground if we are to have any success at all with them.
The tractor is an extremely useful tool to prepare the soil for tree planing. I ripped a line beside the driveway to create an avenue of oaks. Unfortunately I worked out too late that the tractor requires a little less air and a little more diesel in the fuel tank. After refilling the tank, I couldn’t get the tractor to start. After much troubleshooting following the fuel lines, I determined that I had a blockage in the line from the tank itself. 45 years of crud and muck had blocked the tank outlet. A few good pumps from a bike pump back up the line seemed to clear the blockage, and after bleeding the lines again, we were back in business. Monty the horse found the whole exercise most entertaining!
On the other side of the drive we planted a stack of native shrubs. Native Callistemon, leptospermum and melaleuca were planted to provide flowing shrub food source for bees. This soil looked particularly bare and windswept. We hope the shrubs are able to get established.
We planted a couple of the remaining oaks in the paddocks. It was a wonderful way to spend the afternoon with the family. Although you don’t want to be the one who forgets his hat… If you do, you get to wear the bright green Mario Cart Hat! We will water the plants every fortnight over summer with the IBC tank towed behind the go-anywhere-a-4wd-can falcon.
With the water tank on and helpers available, we also gave a drink to the other trees we have planted around the place. Last time (Update on trees and rip lines.) you may recall I was cursing hares, who had snapped off our yellow box (eucalyptus melliodora) seedlings. I had placed some tree guards around the snapped off bases and gave them a water. I was extremely pleased to see that new shoots were coming from the base,
And why bother planting trees, especially during one of the most widespread droughts ever recorded? Well, a walk through our small paddocks shows the results of the vision of the former owners. In the shade from large deciduous trees is grass. Green growing grass…. can’t get any more reason than that.