Spring is a wonderful time on the Rock Farm. The warmer weather, coupled with the little bit of rain has caused a dramatic turn around on the Rock Farm. Grass that was basically dormant over winter has started to grow. Whilst the soil remains terribly dry, the grass is optimistically hoping to shoot up and set seed before the summer dries it out completely. The garden is even starting to look a little unkempt, and I have put the battery charger on the mower, in the hope that it will get a run in the next few weeks.
But it isn’t just grass that is growing. So are the weeds, and one of the most persistent and troublesome in our area is serrated tussock (nassella trichotoma).
Over winter the stock have grazed the paddocks thoroughly. This makes the unpalatable tussock easy to locate and target. It is hard work to manually chip out – and whilst it is our intention to use this method in the future, we need to reduce the amount on our property to manageable levels.
The most effective control of the tussock is a good permanent pasture. Competition from healthy plants keeps the tussock in check. However once tussock is established, it is very difficult to get rid of. It sets a large seed bank, and the seeds are dispersed by the wind, allowing the seed to travel a long way before settling.
Whilst I am generally loathe to use chemicals on our property, in the race against serrated tussock, it is the most cost effective method. It is far quicker and easier than chipping out individual plants, and we hope to get on top of our tussock in the next few years. Once we have it under control, we hope that aggressive chipping of identified plants will maintain our paddocks tussock free.
Our spray ‘rig’ is an interesting mixture of apparatus cobbled together. A 12 volt pump provides the chemical / water mix through a jet spray nozzle. A trigger on the nozzle allows control of the spray to spot on individual plants.
The chemical we use is a mixture of Flupropanate and Glyphosate. This is mixed with water, dye and a surfactant. In the photo, you can see the red dye. The surfactant breaks the surface tension of the water like a detergent, allowing the chemical to cover the leaves of the targeted plant for maximum effectiveness. These chemicals are not great at all for the soil, or the microbes and earthworms that live in it. This is why I really try to just spot spray the tussock, and minimise overspray as much as possible.
The boy’s buggy provides the 12 volt power, and the means to pull the little trailer around. With 120 litres of spray onboard when full, it helps to make sure you start pointing down hill, as it is hard work on the clutch starting out!
After 12 months of sitting, my nozzle had seized up. After pulling it apart, and cleaning and lubricating it, it worked a lot better, however had a small leak when the pump was running. I decided that the easiest fix would be to install a switch near the steering wheel allowing me to turn the pump off from the drivers seat. I found an old driving lights wiring harness, complete with relay, in the shed and soon had my ‘in seat switch’ in operation.
I also needed to lower the hitch height of the trailer in order to bring it to a more level ride. I had a few ideas in my head, but eventually found an old steel post of around the right size. Thankfully I also found a couple of long bolts in the shed, and soon had re-fitted the hitch. The trailer isn’t level, but it is a lot closer than it was.
It takes me between two and three hours to spray out all the chemical in a tank. I find it easiest to park the buggy and walk around when the tussock is thick. For dispersed plants, I am able to wiz around and squirt from the comfort of the driver’s seat. Who said weed control couldn’t be fun!
Whilst the weeds are slowly being brought under control, the rest of the Rock Farm residents are enjoying the warmer weather. The cattle are getting quieter, however the sheep haven’t forgiven me yet for being vaccinated and the lambs marked last week. But it sure is fun watching them all 🙂
More information on serrated tussock can be found here: http://weeds.dpi.nsw.gov.au/Weeds/Details/123